In Russian gardens, the yellow variety of plum is rare, and people far from plant growing are often mistaken for cherry plum. There is a grain of truth in this delusion. Many varieties of yellow plums, indeed, are related to cherry plum.
They belong to the group of Mirabel, extremely popular in France. Some yellow varieties (with a greenish tinge) belong to the green leaf species. Separate descend from the plum Chinese. In this article we will consider the description of different varieties of plums: small and large. And also we learn how different species are called.
Common features of yellow plum species
Most often, plants of this group have round fruits. Rounded oblong meet less often. The main color, of course, is yellow, although some varieties may have a light blush or green tint. The taste of the yellow variety of plum is sweet, very juicy. Often small in size.
Regardless of the type, all yellow plums share a characteristic feature - self-sterility. Very rarely among them come across varieties with partial self-fertility. This is due to the fact that yellow plum is a product of selection, they are not found in wild forms. However, self-sterility also has a downside: in the presence of a suitable pollinator, such plums are capable of producing an enormous harvest.
Like blue plums, yellow are different in early maturity. This characteristic determines which pollinator to choose. Early varieties suitable, for example, an old variety early Skorospelka. Mid-season - July. Later - Hungarian Moscow.
Description of early ripe varieties of yellow plum
As a rule, the yellow plum of early ripening can be removed at the end of July or in August. These are varieties of universal purpose. They are consumed fresh, processed into juices, jams and marshmallow.
Early plum Yellow ball
A small plum with an amazing taste, reminiscent of someone pineapple, someone peach. The variety is also known as the Golden Ball. It is simple to distinguish it from others: during the period of ripening, the branches of a spreading tree are covered with round yellow fruits, tightly seated on short petioles, like sea-buckthorn berries. This is not surprising, because the Yellow Ball refers to the subspecies of Chinese plum.
For Chinese plum is characterized by a very earlier and violent flowering. Each flower bud produces 3 or 4 flowers. The yellow ball differs from other plants of this group in higher growth: a tree can reach 5 meters. However, the variety inherited the main parental signs:
- frost resistance (up to -50⁰С);
- precociation (comes into fruition in the 3rd year);
- excellent keeping quality, thanks to a dense thin skin;
- high transportability;
- resistance to the main diseases of the stone;
- low drought tolerance;
- tendency to sub-root root neck.
The yellow ball is a very fruitful variety. And since the weight of each fruit can reach 60 grams, greater attention is required from the gardener. It may be necessary in some years to thin out the fruit or set props so that the branches do not break.Plum variety Yellow ball
Small plum Altai anniversary
This variety also has a Chinese ancestor - Manchurian plum plum. Due to this, the Altai Jubilee is able to endure the harsh conditions of the Urals and Siberia. The color of its fruits is twofold: the main color is yellow, the cover on the sunny side is red, with a protective wax coating.
This is a medium-low tree with a low stem and a back-pyramidal habit. Small plum plum (only 14-16 grams), but the fruit taste is very harmonious, with some sourness.
Altai anniversary samosterilny plum, but it can be safely planted next to other varieties- she herself is an excellent pollinator. Her yield is high, although irregular. Enters fructification in the 3rd year of life.
Round grade - Amber Mlievskaya
Heat-loving large-fruited variety, bred by Ukrainian breeders at the Lev Platonovich Simirenko Institute of Pomology. According to some estimates, Amber is the best variety for making plum jam, because when overripening, the content of pectin in the fruit becomes very high.
Bright yellow fruits are oval in shape and can weigh up to 70 grams. The taste is very sweet, with a slight grape tint. The flesh is juicy, with fibers, the bone separates well.
The skin on the fruit is thin, so when fully ripe, they are poorly stored. However, Amber can be removed unripe - in the refrigerator, it lies for a rather long time and is well dispensed.
The tree itself is medium sized, with a compact crown, skoroplodnoe. Begins to bear fruit in the second year after planting. With one adult tree in the presence of the pollinator can remove up to 50 kg of fruit.
Winter hardiness of this variety is average. Regions with a harsh climate Amber not suitable. But in areas with mild winters, she feels good. The main advantages of the variety: drought tolerance and weak susceptibility to bone stone diseases.Amber plum variety
Honey White (also known as Honey Yellow) was bred by Donetsk breeder L. I. Taranenko. The variety is also thermophilic, in Russia it is zoned in the Central Black Soil Region. However, the experience of gardeners shows that Honey, grafted on a frost-resistant stock, successfully bears fruit to the north - in the Moscow region, Belarus, in the Kaliningrad region.
Plum Honey belongs to tall grades. The tree can grow up to 6 meters. Fruits are oval, with transparent yellow skin, wax-like, reach a mass of 50 grams. From the lighted side, an orange cover color sometimes appears on them. The flesh is from slightly greenish to intense yellow, depending on the degree of maturity. The taste of Honey is bright, sweet with a barely perceptible sour and honey aroma. The stone sits tightly, but in ripe fruit it separates well.
Additional advantages - drought resistance, good keeping quality and fruit transportability. Frosts of the middle strip Honey transfers well, flower buds do not freeze.
Of the relative, quite surmountable disadvantages, only self-sterility and tall height of a variety can be noted.
Mid-season varieties of yellow plum
The fruits of mid-ripening plums reach removable maturity in the period from late August to mid-September.
Just like Honey, this plum is called either white or yellow, due to the wax coating on the fruit. Ochakov plum is easy to distinguish from others during flowering - by large double flowers.
This is an old Russian variety, suitable for central Russia. The tree is medium thick, up to 4 meters in height, with a tendency to thickening the crown, therefore, requires vigilant care for the formation.
Unfortunately, with the high quality of the fruit in this class there are many shortcomings:
- the low ratio of the number of flower and vegetative buds (8: 100), which is why Ochakovskaya gives very modest yields;
- flower buds poorly resistant to freezing;
- irregular fruiting;
- low winter hardiness;
- the tendency of fruits to cracking and shattering.
This variety of yellow plum was bred by Russian breeder A. Veliaminov. Remarkable Kompotnaya plum that has not a tree, and bush form. The bush grows quite high, up to 3 meters. The crown is spreading, the branches are raised.
Kompotnaya - small-fruited variety. Fruits are round, with dense bright yellow skin, weighing only 15 grams, resemble cherry plum. The flesh is loose, juicy, the taste is sweet and sour. On the appointment of the variety says the name itself.
This small plant gives relatively good and stable yields: 15-20 kg of plums from one bush. The advantages of the variety include its high frost resistance.
Late ripening varieties of yellow plum
The ripening time of late-ripening fruits is from mid-September to October.
Thermophilic variety, recommended by the State Register for the Lower Volga region. In severe frosts, his shoots are damaged and one-two-year-old wood freezes.
Golden large differs from other yellow fruit plums partial self-fertility. The main advantage of the variety is large (more than 40 grams), fruits of excellent taste, light yellow, with a light flush, delicate edge and a waxy coating. They are able to ripen in the refrigerator and not lose quality for 1.5 months of storage.
The tree of this variety is medium-sized, with a pyramidal crown, begins to bear fruit in the 4th year. Yields give not record (about 30 kg from a tree), but stable, without periodicity.
Of the other advantages of the Golden coarse, high resistance to heat, drought and disease is noted.Golden plum
A very promising Bulgarian variety with exceptionally large fruits (60-70 grams). The fruits have a great dessert taste and interesting color - yellow, with light greens. The yellow afaska is self-infested, and the American plum Amers is best suited to pollinate it.
Another advantage of the Yellow afaska is the precocity. The first crop variety can bring already in the 2nd year. The plant is vigorous, with high winter hardiness and resistance to sharq. Other bone diseases are also poorly susceptible.
Of the minuses of the variety, it is possible to call the poor quality of the fruits and their ability to quickly ripen on the tree. Collect the yellow afasku need only manually.Yellow afaska
A rare, vintage variety, first described in 1676. Like many old plum varieties, it has many flaws, but may be interesting to collectors.
The fruits of Egg Yellow are rather large, but of mediocre taste, sour. Appointment - for processing on compotes, a marshmallow. The skin color is bright yellow, the bone is inseparable. Fresh fruits begin to deteriorate after a week of storage.
The plant itself is vigorous, with a round sparse crown. It is resistant to frost and drought, however, it is affected by fungal diseases of the stone fruit. Enters fructification late - from 6-7 years of life. Productivity with proper care up to 40 kg per tree.Plum Egg yellow
Yellow plum care
Caring for a yellow variety of plum is no different from caring for blue. Some nuances depend on the specific variety, but the general rules are as follows:
- Regular watering. Plum loves water (but not stagnant water), and even drought-resistant varieties will react to a long absence of watering with a decrease in yield.
- Regular top dressings according to the scheme: in the spring - nitrogen, in the summer - full complex fertilizer, in the fall - phosphorus and potassium.
- Regular trimming. The plum quickly grows and “runs away” upwards, and it needs to be formed.
- The correct selection of pollinators for samobosplodnyh varieties.
- If necessary, yield regulation (thinning of fruits).
- Mandatory water recharge for the winter (after leaf fall, before frosts).
With proper care, yellow plums for 15-20 years will provide the gardener with wonderful fruits and good mood.