Cauliflower is very much appreciated for its vitamin composition and excellent taste. Novice gardeners are advised to read the description of all varieties of this crop in order to choose the right vegetables for cultivation in their gardens, taking into account climate and other external factors.
The best varieties of cauliflower
This article made a selection of the best varieties of culture, each of which has its own advantages. Everyone will be able to choose options for the garden, depending on their preferences. Here and the most delicious varieties, and the earliest and most fruitful.
The quality of agricultural technology makes adjustments to the taste and fecundity of cauliflower, so when caring for a bed you should not ignore the basic rules:
- top dressing;
- loosening and weeding;
It is also important to collect the cabbage in a timely manner, since the overripe vegetable or green one does not possess any valuable qualities, nor does it have an ideal taste.
Cauliflower is considered capricious, but the selected best varieties are resistant to adverse weather conditions, typical diseases, and have excellent taste. With proper farming, gardeners are always presented with a bountiful harvest. Vegetables are used both fresh and for winter harvesting. With a long shelf life do not lose taste and product characteristics.
Description of varieties of early cauliflower
The plant is characterized by a long period of fruiting, the period of ripening occurs at 80-100 days after transferring the seedlings to the garden. White round head with a slight flatness curls up to 1 kg. The chemical composition of the vegetable contains a high level of sugar and ascorbic acid, so that the inflorescence has interesting notes of taste. The leaves cover the forming head from the scorching sun rays, which allows to obtain clean fruits. The size of the summer cottage variety is small, so the planting density is 3-5 plants per 1 m2 (distance between bushes is 50 cm). The transfer of seedlings to the garden is planned for the end of May - the beginning of June. Vegetable perfectly transports transportation, retains valuable properties for a long time under the conditions of storage.
Cabbage fully justifies its name, mature inflorescences have a snow-white color, although the size is small. The weight of one copy does not exceed 850 grams. High yield is achieved thanks to a dense landing, because the bush is compact, does not require space for branching. The best variety among early ripe varieties has long been popular among gardeners. The lion's share of this success lies in the resistance of the plant to typical diseases. A quick ripening period allows you to receive two crops per season in the chernozem zone, from the moment of planting of seedlings to full maturity no more than 60-65 days pass. Saplings quickly take root in a new place, ripen together. The holes for seedlings are arranged according to the scheme: 50x50, 50x70 cm.
- Cauliflower summer house
- Movir variety
- Cauliflower Snow Globe
The hybrid, steady against frosts and high temperatures, which thanks to the fast term of ripening allows to remove on 2 crops in a season even in a midland of Russia. The rounded or rounded-flattened inflorescence has a white color, sometimes with a cream shade. Weight - from 500 to 1200 grams. The plant cannot boast with a special immunity to diseases and pests, but the taste of a vegetable will pleasantly surprise even a gourmet. When planting seeds marked germination. Fruits can be safely obtained in June, if the seeds are sown in the second half of February, and the transported seedlings are covered with a film, protecting them from possible spring frosts. The location of the holes in the garden plan with an interval of 50 cm in a row and from 60 cm in the row spacing, the transfer of seedlings is planned for the period from May 25 to June 10. The plant responds well to nitrogen-potassium fertilizers and other supplements.
The inflorescence of white color with a yellowish tint occupies a leading position in taste among the ripeness (the growing season does not exceed 62 days). Dense planting of compact plants (the interval between the bushes is 25-35 cm, the aisle 60-70 cm) allows you to shoot a good harvest, given that the head weight does not exceed half a kilogram. Cabbage is vulnerable to pests, but it is resistant to no less dangerous bacteriosis. Preventive invasion of parasites will help preventive processing and regular weeding. Transferring seedlings to the garden plan for the beginning of May. Shelter film will protect against possible night frost.
Growing mid-season varieties
Compact erect plant with a white head, having a yellowish and sometimes reddish tint. Inflorescence weight reaches 800 grams, but with the right agrotechnology it is possible to grow heads over 2 kg. After planting the seedlings the fruits ripen in 53-70 days. Seedlings are distinguished by good germination and friendly development. Shoots can be planted in the spring (second half of April), and in the summer (until mid-July). Wells for seedlings are planned according to the scheme: 4 plants per 1 m2. Cabbage goat wormwood is very demanding on the composition of the soil, therefore, when cultivating the crop, it is necessary to fertilize the bed and feed the bushes.Cabbage Goat Dereza
Planted in the garden shoots ripen in 109-112 days. The inflorescences have a rounded slightly flattened form in white with a cream shade. The weight of an average largest specimen reaches 1.2 kg. The fruit is well covered with leaves, which protects it from the scorching sun rays, which can provoke the formation of dark spots and bitterness in the taste. Both seedlings and ripening take place in unison, therefore harvesting does not stretch for a long time. Holes for seedlings line up according to the scheme: 50x50, 50x70 cm. Cabbage is tolerant to bacteriosis and frosts; it retains its qualities for a long time with proper storage.
It belongs to the high-yielding appearance due to the large round head of white color. In addition, the plant has a fast ripening period, signs of ripeness are observed at 55-65 days after planting seedlings on an open bed. Inflorescence weight reaches 800-1200 grams. A feature of the culture is considered low resistance to temperature extremes, pests. It is recommended to cover the transplanted seedlings with film material, timely carry out preventive treatments from parasites. Cabbage retains its dense structure and valuable properties during transportation and storage. The presentation does not spoil even the frost.
Planting late cauliflower
Among the late ripening varieties, this variety is considered the most productive. The merit in this belongs to the breeders, who bred a disease-resistant and adverse weather conditions hybrid. Due to the formation of a large inflorescence (weight from 2 to 3 kg), the plant needs regular fertilization of the soil. The leaves of large sizes create shading to the head, so that the cabbage can withstand heat. The vegetable is harvested at 75-80 days after transferring the seedlings to an open bed. Young shoots, though capricious, quickly adapt to the new environment. The holes are arranged according to the scheme: the interval between the bushes is at least 70 cm, the aisle distance is from 80 cm.Variety of cortes
Snow-white massive heads ripen on the 74-80 day after transferring seedlings to open ground. One copy hangs on 2-2.5 kg. Unlike other species, Amerigo has good immunity, which allows you to resist viral infections and pests. Heads can ripen until the frost, cold resistance allows you to save commercial quality and delicate taste. Intensive growth requires regular fertilizing. Feature of the variety are large leaves that create shading inflorescences, saving them from the scorching sun. Transfer of seedlings to the garden is planned for the second half of May and the beginning of June. The holes are arranged according to the scheme: the spacing between the bushes is 70-80 cm, the aisle is 70 cm.
Growing cauliflower requires a bit more attention and effort, as the plant is less protected from diseases and pests. But how nice it is to remove beautiful inflorescences from the beds and delight your loved ones with delicious culinary dishes or winter preparations.