White cabbage is an incredibly useful vegetable with a rich vitamin and mineral composition. This explains its popularity among gardeners. Cultivation rules do not differ in complexity, but the basis of the crop yield depends on the choice of the variety.
Varietal variety of white cabbage
In the old days, there was indeed a shortage of seed material due to limited supplies from the near and far abroad, so seeds were often harvested from the usual varieties.
For more than 20 years, the situation has radically changed, and the variety assortment of many gardeners continues to consist of 2-3 positions. And in vain, because new developments have no less valuable qualities, which are cabbage resistance to diseases and pests.
This article discusses the early-ripening, mid-ripening and late-ripening varieties of a popular vegetable with a description that will expand the diversity of crops grown in your garden in the Urals and in the middle lane.
Cabbage variety is selected not only taking into account the winter and climatic characteristics of the region, but also by appointment. The mineral and vitamin composition of each plant is different, but it is also influenced by the conditions of agrotechnology and the type of soil.
In order to choose a suitable option it was easier, the varietal assortment is divided into groups, united by a common feature.
The best late varieties of cabbage for long-term storage
Aggressor - medium late hybrid, developed by breeders from Holland. It has minimal care and resistance to fusarium, thrips.
Vegetation lasts up to 120 days, you can sow the seeds directly on the open garden bed. Mature vegetable curls 3-5 kg. Shelf life and processing - up to 5 months.Aggressor
Amager - late cabbage with a ripening period 120-147 days. The heads are rounded flat green in color, sometimes with a bluish tinge, weighing about 3-4 kg.
When planting, the following scheme is used: 3-4 plants per 1 m2. For six months, nutritional value and presentation remain. Weather cataclysms and violation of the watering regime do not violate the density of the structure and integrity of the head.Amager
Valentine - the growing season 155-180 days after transfer of seedlings to open beds. The heads of gray-green color have a small wax coating, the weight draws up to 4 kg.
Cabbage preserves its taste qualities and presentation until the beginning of the next season (June). The hybrid is tolerant to fusarium, gray rot. The head does not crack due to violations of the moisture regime.
Gingerbread Man - the hybrid forms heads later 115-125 days after planting seedlings. Round fruits have a dense structure, the average weight is 2-3 kg. Planting scheme: 3-4 plants per 1 m2.
Due to its good immunity, it shows tolerance to point necrosis and thrips. For 8-10 months, cabbage retains its nutritional value and presentation.Gingerbread Man
Mara - very dense heads are not subject to cracking, the average weight is 3 kg. The variety has good taste, transportability and long shelf life (more than 7 months).
The main advantage - resistance to the accumulation of nitrates and radionuclides. Vegetables are harvested through 160-175 days after transplanting seedlings.Mara
Moscow - a variety developed by domestic breeders who took into account the climatic characteristics and possible problems with pests when growing.
Harvesting begins later 130-140 days after planting seedlings. Gray-green rounded cabbages hang on average 4-7 kg. When planting, the following scheme is used: 2-3 plants per 1 m2.
Megaton - the hybrid matures after 102 days after planting seedlings. The great need for moisture and fertilizer strengthens the immune system, which resists many diseases and insect invasions.
The rounded flat gray-green head hangs up to 15 kg. Arrangement of holes at planting: 3 plants per 1 m2. Storage time without loss of nutritional qualities and presentable appearance - 4-6 months.
Merchant - Disease-resistant high-yielding variety, characterized by simple agrotechnics. About 500 centners are removed per hectare (head weight up to 3 kg). When planting, the following scheme is used: 3-4 plants per 1 m2.
Harvesting begins later 130-150 days after transfer to the beds of seedlings.Merchant
Atria - the fruit of the works of Dutch breeders with a growing season 110-120 days. The head has a round-flat head of blue-green color, the weight of which reaches 5-7 kg on average. Often there are instances of 8-8.5 kg. When planting, the following scheme is used: 3 plants per 1 m2.
Glory - the fruit of the work of Russian breeders, the growing season is 120-130 days after planting seedlings.
Round heads have a light green color with a grayish tint, the weight draws up to 3-5 kg. When disembarking, the wells are arranged according to the scheme: 3-4 plants per 1 m2.
The advantage of the variety is taste, the disadvantage is short storage (about 2 months). Fame is one of the best choices for pickling.Glory
Sugar Queen - the hybrid ripens after planting seedlings through 120-140 days. Dense rounded heads have a slightly greenish tint, weight reaches 4 kg.
When planting, the following scheme is used: 3 plants per 1 m2. The grade is universal, it is used fresh and for salting. Shelf life without loss of valuable qualities is 3-4 months.Sugar Queen
Rinda - the term of ripening hybrid is 75-80 days after planting seedlings. Round heads weighing up to 7 kg have a green color and dense structure. The layout of the holes: plant 3-5 plants per 1 m2. Differs unpretentiousness to weather conditions.
Kazachok - the early hybrid differs in precocity, it is possible to reap a crop through 45-55 days after planting seedlings. The weight of a light green medium head is 1.5 kg.
The scheme used for planting: 5-6 plants per 1 m2. It is recommended for cultivation under any film and in open ground. Cabbage resists pathogens of mucous bacteriosis and black leg.Kazachok
June - the variety is ready for planting in open ground at the beginning of May, after 45-50 days you can harvest. The structure of the head is of average density, weight reaches 1.4-1.7 kg. When grown on highly fertile soils, the weight of the head reaches 5 kg.
The layout of the holes when planting: 3-5 plants per 1 m2. Cabbage is notable for amicable emergence of shoots and excellent taste.June
Tobiah - Dutch hybrid characterized by resistance to fusarium wilt. The layout of the holes when planting: 2-3 plants per 1 m2. The rounded flat heads of dark green color reach a mass of up to 7 kg. Fruit ripening comes after 85-90 days after planting seedlings.
It has a strong root system, in case of violation of the irrigation mode, the head does not crack. For 5-6 months, preserves the taste and product quality.Tobiah
Variety of varieties will provide yields even under difficult weather conditions, because each plant has its own immunity to disease and pests. The taste qualities of the varieties stimulate new experiments that are already continuing in the kitchen.