Cucumbers have many types and varieties. One of the successful types is the Adam variety. The fruits of this species ripen early, in early summer.. After planting in the ground after a month and a half give their first fruits. This is a hybrid form of cucumbers. To buy seeds you need only the first generation of crossing. On the packaging should be a sign of F1. The article provides a description of the variety and rules for its care.
The merits of the variety
Grade Adam has excellent resistance to viral diseases. It does not affect powdery mildew and cladosporia.
Also, these cucumbers have high yields. They are capable of producing up to 10 kg of Zelentsov per 1 square meter. The first fruits are given at the beginning of summer. After harvesting, they are stored for quite a long time, especially in a cool place. The fruits of this variety are not large sizes, one bush gives a lot of cucumbers. They bear fruit throughout the season. The taste of the fruit is very sweet, tasty, crunchy.
He likes heated or unheated greenhouses, greenhouses with good solar lighting. They can also be grown in open beds.
- To start the seeds should be put in water at room temperature until germination.
- A great way to germinate is to place the seeds in a paper napkin that needs to be wetted and placed in a warm place.
- After the seedlings need seeds put in the fridge for a dayin order for the plant to develop cold resistance.
- Prepared seeds can be planted in pots. They should be small in size. Suitable plastic or special peat-humus pots. Pots must be filled with nutrient soil.
- Seedlings should be kept in warm conditions. At a temperature not below +24 degrees C until germination sprout.
- After germination the temperature is needed reduce to +20 degrees With, it is necessary to maintain good lighting.
- After 4 weeks cucumber seedlings can be moved to the ground.
Soak and germinate seeds
Planted laid on a 30x70. Between the rows should be 70 cm, and between the seedlings 30 cm. Some points should be taken into account:
- Planted in the ground can only after the soil warms up to 16 degrees Cand the air temperature will reach 18 degrees C.
- For a week for planting, shoots are carried out onto the balcony in order to develop resistance to cold weather and thus harden them.
Cultivation of cucumbers requires a minimum to change a place every five years. Otherwise, cucumbers will get sick more often and acquire new infections. For a good plant growth, it is necessary to weed ridges qualitatively so that weeds do not interfere with cucumbers growing and do not consume their nutrients from the soil. Periodically need to loosen the soil and spud plantsso that the roots are not exposed. Loosening should not be deep, so as not to damage the root system. Watering should be once a week during the flowering period and twice a week during the period of fruit on the bushes. Water gives additional strength to the plant, and allows the fruit to be juicy. Water should be free of chlorine free water.better in the evening. Cucumbers love to feed. Chicken droppings or cow dung are well suited. You can also use special chemical fertilizers.Strengthened seedlings planted in the ground
Harvesting and storage
The first fruits can be obtained in early June. It all depends on when the seedlings were transferred to the ground. To harvest, you need to gently tearing a cucumber from the bush, so as not to damage the stem of the plant. Plucked fruits should be carefully folded in a prepared box to avoid damage.
Keep cucumbers in a cool place.. So they can maintain their fresh look for up to 2 weeks, and the appearance and taste will not change. Under normal conditions, it is excellent for a few days.
Diseases That Can Hit Adam Cucumber
White rot (sclerotinia)
With this disease, white spots appear on the stem of the plant, which spread throughout the bush. After a certain time, the affected areas rot. Appear because of fungi that hibernate in the ground. This type of fungus is very fond of moisture, so it appears when the soil is wetted. It is not possible to fight only by cutting off the affected areas and treating them with lime or coal, which will help prevent the spread to healthy areas.
Leaves, fruits and stems are covered with gray foil. Arise due to excessive watering of plants. The affected areas need to be treated with a fungicide, it will help to suspend the process of the disease or completely rid of the infection.
Root rot - extends to the roots of the plant, because of what the leaves and stems do not receive adequate nutrition and begin to fade. It occurs due to overheating of the plant and watering it with cold water. To prevent the destruction of cucumber, you need to sprinkle the roots with fresh soil, which will give rise to new roots and save the plant.
Symptoms - spots of copper color start to appear on the plant. The fungus lives in the upper layer of the soil. The fight against infection is the treatment of the affected areas with copper sulfate.
The second name for this infection is brown olive spot. It manifests itself as brown spots on the leaves and shoots, which are gradually transferred to the fruit, so that the fruits become unsuitable for consumption, and the plant dies. Virtually all cucumber varieties are susceptible to this infection, resistance is a big advantage of the variety.
Viral cucumber mosaic
Another infection to which cucumber "Adam" resistant. It spreads over the plant quickly. Destroys tissue cells. Leaves appear yellow specks that spread to the whole plant, because of what it dies. The only way to fight this infection is to cut the affected areas with scissors. Then cut off the parts need to burn.
Fungal disease that appears white on the leaves. Because of the defeat, the plant cannot bind fruit and gradually dies off. Fortunately, cucumbers "Adam" are resistant to this type of infection.
Far from all infections that affect cucumbers.
Adam cucumber fruits
The variety is most often used for vegetable salads, pickling, pickling.. Cucumbers grow in length no more than 12 cm, weighing an average of about 100 grams. All fruits are almost identical, even, they have a marketable appearance, they can be stored for a long time, they do not deteriorate during transportation. The cucumber has excellent taste, it is sweet, the seeds inside are small. When canning pickled cucumbers are crispy and perfectly packaged in banks.
Adam cucumbers are perfect for growing and for sale and for their own consumption.