This sweet variety is considered high-yielding and easily grown. He is valued by gardeners for an increased level of plasticity, which makes it possible to adapt to any natural whims without any problems. Besides, tight peel varieties Swallow allows you to store the harvest for a long time. Aging ripening provides a one-time harvest, which is enough for your planned meals and preserves. In this review you can get acquainted with the description and characteristics of this variety of pepper.
Description and characteristics of sweet pepper Swallow
The plant is distinguished by half sprawling standard forms, reaches a height of sixty centimetersrequires binding. The variety is middle-ripened, the period before harvesting is about four months. Productivity is high, reaching five kilograms per square meter of land.Mid-season pepper variety Swallow
The main characteristics are:
- thick wallsreaching five to seven millimeters;
- conical, several oval shape;
- Red color fully ripe pepper;
- average weight - from seventy to one hundred grams;
- length reaches ten centimeters.
The variety has its unusual name due to Soviet breeding specialists, who allegedly bred it in 1976. Pepper grows easily both in unprotected soil and in greenhouse conditions, it is highly resistant to bacterial diseases.
The advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Swallow, like other varieties, contains a huge amount of nutrients that have a positive effect on the human body. Pepper is able to strengthen the immune systemby reducing the vulnerability to respiratory infections.Variety Swallow resistant to many common diseases
Useful substances that give pepper value and consistency on the dining table, carry a group of vitamins, antioxidants, alkaloid, capsaicin. In addition to the above pepper contains a large amount of ascorbic acid and carotene, perfectly helping the pancreas and normalizes blood pressure. Vegetable helps prevent the formation of blood clots, improves appetite and complexion. It is believed that one pepper contains the amount of vitamin C, how much an adult needs this component per day.
Although the vegetable has a sweetish aftertaste, diabetics can safely eat it. There is no sucrose in the Swallow, but a different carbohydrate is present - fructose. The presence of vitamin A helps to improve the condition of the hair and skin. Some vitamins even help prevent early aging and cancer.
However, there are negative points.
The process of growing and grooming peppers does not have any particular difficulties. Seeds of a variety differ in quite good viability, so that for planting a vegetable, you can collect seed by yourself or purchase it at a specialty store. Before planting, you need to check the seeds, select the best ones, disinfect them, soak them in a phytopreparation, germinate in a warm place, spreading them on a moist gauze. As a rule, the process of germinating seeds begins in late February.Sprouting pepper seeds before planting
Soil for planting crops should be cleared of weedswell loosened. After the markings are completed, the holes are dug, which are half filled with nutrient soil.
Seedling growing conditions
For this, various containers suitable for their size are suitable. It is recommended to pre-steam them to reduce the likelihood of disease.. The containers are filled with soil, on which the seeds are laid out with an interval of one and a half to two centimeters. Planting material is sprinkled with a centimeter layer of soil, containers are placed in a warm place. Best suited sill, having sufficient lighting.Pepper seedlings start growing at the end of the last winter month
Seeds begin to germinate on the fourth day. At this point, you can slightly lower the temperature, so that the shoots are not strongly stretched.
In the process of growth, the peppers should be moved to separate pots, so that the plants cannot overpower each other. The first feeding procedure is carried out in the formation of three to four leaves. You can use ready-made formulations or mix 15 g of potassium salt, 25 g of urea, 60 g of superphosphate in five liters of water.
Transplantation in open ground
You can do it in June. The plant is placed in the hole so that the radical part remains above the surface of the garden.. The root system is being straightened out, the well is covered with soil. It is necessary to water the seedlings and install the pegs for the support.In the open ground, seedlings of pepper are planted in June
An important feature - compliance with crop rotation. Best of all, if the predecessors of the peppers are carrots, onions, pumpkins or cucumbers. It is not necessary to plant the crop in the places where tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplants grew before.
Diseases and pests
Irregularities in watering, high temperature, poor ventilation can cause fungal diseases - blight, blackleg, fusarium, gray rot. In the first case, you can use drugs Barrier or Barrier.
In the case of blackening legs the affected plant must be removed, the soil in the garden is dried, sprinkled with wood ash, the plants are treated with fungicide.
With fusarium - yellowing of the foliage - the affected bush is removed, for the rest, enhanced care is organized, which is related to preventing the land from drying out and weed growth. From the gray rot, which can affect peppers at any stage of growth, will help the constant treatment of the beds with fungicidal solutions.
- Fungal black leg in pepper seedlings
- Phytophthora of Bulgarian pepper
- Fusarium pepper wilting
Pepper can suffer from harmful parasites - thrips, aphids, spider mites, slugs and whitefly. It is recommended in such cases to spray the plants with a solution of soap, garlic or onion infusions, celandine or bitter wormwood. Mustard powder will help you from slugs, it just crumbles on the garden beds. Tobacco dust and hot peppers are used for the same purpose.
Everything else agrotechnical measures for growing the Swallow variety are quite traditional. In order for a culture to develop successfully and bear fruit, it should organize permanent watering, loosening of the soil, removal of weeds.